GCSE NI Troubles Resources

This page contains resources that are suitable for the teaching of Changing Relations: Northern Ireland and its Neighbours, 1965-1998. Resources are arranged by topic followed by resources featuring multiple themes.

Background to the Troubles

Beginners Ballet

Video | NI Troubles: Troubled Times | BBC

Were the Troubles in Northern Ireland lit by a single spark?

Video  | Understanding Northern Ireland 01 A Violent Birth | UTV on YouTube

UTV schools programme explores the origins of Northern Ireland.

Video  | Understanding Northern Ireland 02 The Protestant North | UTV on YouTube

UTV schools programme explores  the inter-war history of Northern Ireland.

Video | A State Apart 1 Separate Government | BBC Schools on YouTube

This opening programme in the series traces the history of Northern Ireland from the Government of Ireland Act 1920 to the 1960s.

 

Teachers Notes | A State Apart | BBC Schools 

The State Apart series is accompanied a set of teachers notes and worksheets.

Video | Background to NI | Lagan History

Short animation introducing important aspects of Northern Ireland history from Partition to the 1960s.

Terence O'Neill Years

Beginners Ballet

Resource | Too Little too late 1965-1967 | Ulster Museum

Museum videos, artefacts and activities are brought together to explore Terence O’Neill modernisation attempts and reaction to his reform proposals.

Video | Ulster | Digital Film Archive

Fascinating documentary that provides a snapshot of Northern Ireland on the brink of The Troubles.

Video | Terence O’Neill Speech 1965 | Digital Film Archive

Then Northern Ireland's Prime Minister, Terence O'Neill reflects on the results of the 1965 General Election.

Video | NI Troubles: Troubled Times | BBC

Were the Troubles in Northern Ireland lit by a single spark?

Video | O'Neill's Economic Policies | Lagan History

Short animation that concentrates on Northern Ireland Prime Minister, Terence O'Neill's economic policies in the 1960s before the country was deeply affected by the Troubles.

Video | O'Neill's Political Policies | Lagan History

Short animation that concentrates on Northern Ireland Prime Minister, Terence O'Neill's political policies in the 1960s before the country was deeply affected by the Troubles.

The campaign for Civil Rights

Mommy & Me

Video Clips | Civil Rights in Northern Ireland | RTE Archives

A collection of footage covering the emergence of the Civil Rights Movement in 1968 and its impact in that year and beyond.

Podcast | What were the origins of the Northern Irish Civil Rights Movement? | Historical Association

An HA Podcast Series on Modern Irish History featuring Dr Fearghal McGarry QUB NB Requires subscription

Resource | Civil Rights to Armalites January 1967- April 1969 |Ulster Museum

Museum videos, artefacts and activities are brought together to tell the story of the Civil Rights Movement.

Video | NI Troubles: Ulster’s Crossroads | BBC

The civil rights march that changed the course of history

Video  | Understanding Northern Ireland 04 Reform and Reaction | UTV on YouTube

UTV schools programme that explores the origins of the Civil Rights movement.

Video | A State Apart 2 Civil Rights Movement | BBC Schools

This programme looks at discrimination, the emergence of the Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association and the violence of the 1960s.  

 

Teachers Notes | A State Apart | BBC Schools

The State Apart series is accompanied a set of teachers notes and worksheets.

Resource | Civil Rights Campaign Chronology | CAIN

A chronological list of key events in the Civil Rights Campaign 1964-1972

Lesson Plan | Teaching Divided Histories: Climate of Revolution | The Nerve Centre

The first lesson in the module will be used to inform students of the various protests that went on around the world in the 1960s.

Lesson Plan | Teaching Divided Histories: The Emergence of NICRA | The Nerve Centre

This lesson will detail the reasons why there may have been a change in attitude amongst Nationalists in the 1960s, as well as some of the major protests in the civil rights movement.

Lesson Plan | Teaching Divided Histories: NICRA’s Formation and Demands | The Nerve Centre

This lesson will provide an overview of the formation of NICRA and the tactics they used to achieve their demands.

Lesson Plan | Teaching Divided Histories: October ’68 – August 69 | The Nerve Centre

This lesson will look into the violence that swept through Northern Ireland between October ‘68 and August ’69 (the Battle of the Bogside) and the reasons for it.

Lesson Plan | Teaching Divided Histories: Free Derry A “No Go” Area | The Nerve Centre

This lesson will follow up on the events of The Battle of the Bogside and look at the establishment of a “No Go” area in the Bogside of Derry/Londonderry.

Lesson Plan | Teaching Divided Histories: Legacy | The Nerve Centre

In order to address perceived grievances in Northern Ireland that were highlighted by the civil rights movement, the unionist government granted a number of reforms.

Lesson Plan | Teaching Divided Histories: Civil Rights in Northern Ireland | The Nerve Centre

The lesson states how the civil rights movement came into being in Northern Ireland and identifies some of the different groups involved.

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A deteriorating situation, 1969–72

Little League

Video | Burning of Bombay Street | Digital Film Archive

40 years after the original news coverage, Paris-based journalist and filmmaker Lawrence Pitkethly returns to visit the residents of Belfast’s Bombay Street. 

Video clips | Violence in Northern Ireland 1969 | RTE Archives

Video clips and documentation are used to document the increase in tension and escalation of violence in Northern Ireland in 1969.  

 

Video | NI Troubles: Bloody Sunday | BBC

What led to the events of 30 January 1972 and what was the immediate fallout?

Video | NI Troubles: Direct Rule | BBC

Rising levels of violence lead to the closing of the Northern Ireland parliament.

 

Resource | Internment | CAIN

Background information and a chronology of key events between the years 1971 and 1975.

Resource | Conflict, Crisis and Collapse – May 1969- March 1972 | Ulster Museum

Museum videos, artefacts and activities document the increase in tensions across Northern Ireland and the deployment of troops.

Resource | Teaching Divided Histories: 1972 A pivotal year | The Nerve Centre

1972 was the deadliest year of the ‘Troubles’. The lesson deals with 2 of the bloodiest atrocities from that year and their aftermath

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The Search for a political solution – attempt at power-sharing 1973-74

Little League

Video | Northern Ireland a chance for Peace | Digital Film Archive

A film looking at the endeavours of the Northern Ireland power-sharing executive of 1974. Examines societal issues - such as housing, economic growth and employment – and the obstacles to peace.

 

Video | NI Troubles: Sunningdale, Strikes and the South | BBC

Political Power-sharing is met with industrial action led by loyalists.

Resource | Teaching Divided Histories: The Sunningdale Agreement | The Nerve Centre

The lesson will detail the first major attempt at a peace settlement after the introduction of direct rule in 1972.

Resource | UWC Strike | CAIN

Background information on the strike is accompanied by a chronology of events.

Lesson Plan | Teaching Divided Histories: The Ulster Workers Council Strike | The Nerve Centre

Responding to an attempt by the British government to devolve power to Northern Ireland, the Ulster Workers Council began a strike which brought Northern Ireland to a standstill for 14 days in 1974.

Video | A State Apart 3: Ulster Workers Council Strike | BBC Schools

This programme deals with the failure of the power-sharing administration in Northern Ireland in 1974. 

 

Teachers Notes | A State Apart | BBC Schools

The State Apart series is accompanied a set of teachers notes and worksheets.

Changing Republican strategy 

Little League

Resource | NI Troubles: Hunger Strike | BBC

A deadly prison protest that became a pivotal moment.

Resource | NI Troubles: Agreement and Disagreement | BBC

Continued IRA activity and the rise of Sinn Féin prompts inter-governmental talks.

Resource | Hunger Strike | CAIN

Summary, names of participants and a chronology of events is included in this section of the CAIN website.

Lesson Plan | Teaching Divided Histories: The Hunger Strikes | The Nerve Centre

This lesson gives a brief background to the hunger strikes and explains why prisoners were protesting.

 

Lesson Plan | Teaching Divided Histories: Politics and Violence | The Nerve Centre

The lesson will describe the change in strategy of the republican movement in Northern Ireland after the Hunger Strikes of 1981.

Video | A State Apart 4: Hunger Strikes | BBC Schools

This programme deals with the impact of the hunger strike in the Maze Prison in 1981. 

 

Teachers Notes | A State Apart | BBC Schools

The State Apart series is accompanied a set of teachers notes and worksheets.

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Changing relations – towards closer co-operation 

Little League

Lesson Plan | Teaching Divided Histories: The Anglo-Irish Agreement | The Nerve Centre

The Anglo-Irish Agreement was an attempt by the British and Irish governments to end violence in Northern Ireland and address the political gains made by Sinn Féin

Video | A State Apart 5: Anglo-Irish Agreement | BBC Schools

The programme deals with the Anglo-Irish Agreement 1985 as a renewed effort to reconcile the two communities and to provide a framework for North / South relations. 

 

Teachers Notes | A State Apart | BBC Schools

The State Apart series is accompanied a set of teachers notes and worksheets.

Video | Anglo-Irish Agreement | Lagan History

Short animation on the background and reaction to the Anglo-Irish agreement.

Video | Unionist Opposition Anglo-Irish Agreement | Lagan History

Short animation on the Unionist reaction to the Anglo-Irish agreement.

Video | NI Troubles: 1988 | BBC

A year of shocking violence, propaganda battles and the emergence of peace talks.

Resource | Lead up to the Peace Process | CAIN

Chronology of events leading up to the Peace Process 1988-1993

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The Downing Street Declaration, 1993

Little League

Resource | Peace Process (ii) | CAIN

Chronology of events in the Irish Peace Process 1993 - 1998

 

Video | NI Troubles: Beginning of the End | BBC

Ceasefires are announced and peace talks bring renewed hope for change.

Resources | Divided Society Downing Street Declaration Toolkit | Linenhall Library

Included in the resource are samples of political cartoons, newspaper front pages and political posters.

Lesson Plan | Teaching Divided Histories: The Peace Process | The Nerve Centre

The lesson will detail the difficult path to the Good Friday Agreement through the ceasefires and various political talks that took place.

Video | What was the Hume Adams Initiative? | Lagan History

Short animation on the Hume Adams Initiative which led in part to the northern Ireland peace process and eventual Good Friday Agreement of 1998.

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The Good Friday Agreement, 1998 

Little League

Resource | Divided Society - The Agreement Toolkit | Linenhall Library

This resource can be used to stimulate debate and will help towards the development of empathy and understanding of the topic.

Video | NI Troubles: Good Friday Agreement | BBC

In 1998, people voted in huge numbers to endorse an agreement brought about by multi-party talks.

Website | Good Friday Agreement | BBC

A website that explores the detail of the political framework.

 

Resource | Peace Process (ii) | CAIN

Chronology of events in the Irish Peace Process 1998 -1999

Video | Terms  of the Good Friday Agreement | Lagan History

Short animation on the terms of the Good Friday Agreement of 1998.

Video | Reaction to the Good Friday Agreement | Lagan History

Short animation on the reactions to the Good Friday Agreement of 1998.

Podcast | The Troubles and the Good Friday Agreement | Historical Association

An HA Podcast Series on Modern Irish History featuring Professor Peter Gray, Dr Fearghal McGarry QUB. NB Requires subscription

Lesson Plan | Teaching Divided Histories: The Good Friday Agreement and St. Andrews Agreement | The Nerve Centre

The lesson explains what the Good Friday Agreement was and how it changed the political landscape in Northern Ireland.

Lesson Plan | Teaching Divided Histories: The Good Friday Agreement and the International Community | The Nerve Centre

This lesson looks at some of the international organisations and mediators that assisted – and continue to assist - the peace process in Northern Ireland.

Lesson Plan | Teaching Divided Histories: Dealing with the Past | The Nerve Centre

This lesson looks at the issues that remained in Northern Ireland after the signing of the Good Friday Agreement.

Resources featuring multiple topics

Little League

Video | Spotlight on the Troubles a Secret History | BBC

A series of eight one-hour documentaries charting the history of the Troubles.

 

Video | The Longest Decade pt1 | Digital Film Archive

This partial documentary looks at the troubles from 1968 - 1978 and its effects on industry.

 

Video | The Longest Decade pt2 | Digital Film Archive

A partial documentary detailing events between 1968-1978. This section concentrates on local industry and The Troubles.

Resource | BBC Bitesize - Changing Relations: Northern Ireland and its Neighbours, 1965-1998 | BBC

Revision aid for the CCEA specification.

Lesson Plan | Teaching Divided Histories: Key Players in the Conflict | The Nerve Centre

The lesson provides students with a brief profile of some of the major political parties and combatant groups involved in the Northern Ireland conflict

Quizzes | GCSE NI Quizzes | Lagan History

A set of interactive quizzes testing your knowledge of key aspects of the GCSE Changing Relations 1965-1998 syllabus.

Resource | GCSE NI Mind Maps | Lagan History

Interactive mind maps that cover key concepts of the Changing Relations 1965-1998 syllabus.

Resource | GCSE NI Interactive Timeline | Lagan History

Interactive timelines that cover key events of the Changing Relations 1965-1998 syallbus.

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